India’s caste system: One of the primary sources of socioeconomic inequality in our nation is the age-old caste system.
India’s caste system has led to the regress of a considerable section of the country’s population. The caste system dates back to the early Vedic period. Then it existed in the shape of the Varna system, which separated society into four sections. The Brahmins, who were priests and instructors and having knowledge of texts, were at the apex of this caste structure.
The Kshatriyas, or warriors, came in second place. This caste also included the rulers. Those involved in trade and business made up the Vaisyas. The fourth caste was the Shudras, considered the lowest caste, and they worked as craftsmen, artisans, and farmers for the other three. Aside from these four, there existed a fifth category of untouchables looked down upon and treated with disdain.
India’s caste system were meant to do filthy tasks. The caste system was not initially defined by birth, but it became so through time. As a result, one could only be born as a Brahmin or Kshatriya, not become one by one’s actions.
Because of its restrictions, the caste system has resulted in a slew of ills. Society was separated into tight divisions, and those from upper castes exploited those from lower castes- All menial duties were to be performed by Shudras and untouchables. They couldn’t even think of ways to improve themselves.
Even if he was clever and desired to study, his offspring were forced to stay slaves or bound laborers. These caste biases continue to afflict our culture and even become significant elements in elections. Politicians foster and capitalize on these attitudes for their advantage.
Discrimination against low castes is widespread, and it has held a considerable proportion of our population behind. It is probably whole of the primary reasons behind India’s backwardness. Many social reformers attempted to abolish caste prejudice, including Raja Rammohan Roy and Swami Dayanand Saraswati.
The leaders of India’s caste system independent India also opposed this method. Mahatma Gandhi himself was a staunch opponent of prejudice based on caste, and he fought tirelessly to integrate people referred to as Harijans into society. Our constitution also renders any form of caste discrimination unlawful. All of these efforts resulted in flexibility. People have gained a great deal of understanding, and the caste system is no longer strictly enforced, particularly in metropolitan areas.