According to Eleanor Roosevelt: Where, after all, do universal human rights begin? In small places, close to home- so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any world maps. Unless these rights have meaning there, they have little meaning anywhere. Without concerted citizen action to uphold them close to home, we shall look in vain for progress in the larger world.
Human Rights is observed on 10 December every year, the day the United Nations General Assembly adopted, in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). The UDHR reveals the absolute rights that everyone is entitled to as a human being- regardless of religion, race, color, gender, language, political or other opinions, national or social origin, property, birth, or another status. Available in more than 500 languages.
As per the source, it is the most translated document globally.
The targets of Human Rights: Equality, Rebuild better, fairer, greener, and to fight Racism. The fight for equality and the principle of non-discrimination is at the center of human rights. The Human Rights theme reflects ‘Equality’ and Article 1 of the UDHR- “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” It is aligned with the 2030 Agenda and with the UN approach set out in the document Shared Framework on Leaving No One Behind: Equality and Non-Discrimination at the Heart of Sustainable Development. Human Rights includes addressing and finding solutions for different forms of discrimination that have affected the most vulnerable people in societies, including women and girls, indigenous people, LGBTQ people, migrants, and people with disabilities.
Equality, inclusion, and non-discrimination, in other words- a human rights-based approach to development is adopted as a way to reduce inequalities. A human rights-based economy can break cycles of poverty. Poverty, inequalities, and discrimination violate these rights and are considered the most significant global challenges. It would address them effectively through measures grounded in human rights, renewed political commitment, and participation, especially those most affected. We need to maintain a contract that allows a fair share of power, resources, and opportunities; that sets the foundations of a sustainable human-rights-based economy.
Rebuilding fairer: A new social contract- For a sustainable environment, rights, including economic, social, and cultural rights as well as the right to development and freedom to a safe, clean, healthy environment, are central to building a new human rights-based economy that supports better, fairer, and most sustainable societies for present and future generations. Equal opportunities for youth: The rights must be protected through decent jobs and social protection; the Covid pandemic runs the risk of falling prey to the detrimental effects of mounting inequality and poverty. Provide vaccine without any discrimination, and there should be an equal distribution.
The call for a standard plan and a new social contract between the government and its people is the need of the hour to rebuild trust and secure a life of dignity for all. Advancing the right to a healthy environment and climate justice; for a clean, healthy, and sustainable environment; immediate action must be taken to respect, protect and fulfill the rights. There must be pollution control measures so that people in vulnerable situations like environmental degradation, including climate change, pollution, and nature loss, may not get affected.
Preventing conflicts and building resilience through equality, inclusion, and human rights; Human Rights have the power to tackle the root causes of conflict and crisis by addressing grievances, eliminating inequalities, and allowing people to participate in decision-making that affects their lives. Societies that protect and promote human rights for everyone are more resilient societies, better equipped through human rights to weather unexpected crises and the impact of climate crises.