To achieve environmental sustainability, a disparities in gender policy must decrease gender disparities politically, economically, and socially to safeguard women’s access to resources.
The Human Development Report (2003) recognizes disparities in gender that gender equality is critical to achieving the goals of improving health and fighting illness, decreasing poverty and hunger, expanding education, lowering child mortality, boosting access to safe water, and guaranteeing environmental sustainability. The death rates for men and women show the enormous gap that exists between them.
Despite their biological advantage, women have more excellent death rates, particularly in South and East Asia. The term “missing women” refers to females who are thought to have perished due to inequality in access to health and nourishment. Gender discrimination is sometimes coupled with prejudices against other personal traits such as geography (rural regions), ethnic background (indigenous minority), and socioeconomic position (poor households).
Gender disparities in health and education push them backward and entrench a patriarchal regime that works against the demands of a sustainable order, even though several World Bank studies and independent researchers have found that women are perfect agents of change at the grassroots level and are also the carriers of indigenous wisdom.
Feminism, peace, and ecology are the three major social movements developed in the previous three decades. Feminism posed fundamental issues regarding the manner of production and working conditions. It highlighted cultural identities while criticizing patriarchal oppression.
The diversity of women’s experiences across class, racial, and cultural lines has enhanced these findings and led to a better understanding of the patriarchal system of cash-generating policies. Women’s traditional lives and jobs placed them closer to vital household activities, including fuelwood collecting, cow raising, herb collection, and bringing water from streams and rivers. The centralized economic planning of projects based on cost-benefit analysis entirely ignores the consideration of intangibles such as the relocation of women and their houses, which form self-sustaining economies.
In India, Gadhchiroli in Maharashtra has been a notable example of the harm done to women by developmental programs. Every development project in that area involved a team of outside contractors, engineers, and builders that hired local males in construction while reducing women to low-wage labor.