Turkish version of Istanbul, the former Turkish seaport of Constantinople, ancient Byzantium.
Turkish Byzantine Empire and the Ottoman Empire were both the capital cities. On a three-sided land within Europe and Asia is the old walled city of Istanbul. Istanbul sometimes has stood amid clashing floods of religion, culture, and imperial power through more than 2,500 years as a bridge, sometimes as a barrier.
Nevertheless, it was one of the most famous cities in the globe for most of those years. The name Byzantium is derived from Byzas, a Greek king from the city of Megara, whose tradition has it that the peninsula had been taken by Thracian pastoral tribes and had constructed city around 657 BCE. The Roman Emperor Septimius Severus restored the town in CE. After razing it for opposed it in a civil war, in 196 CE, it named it the honor of his son Augusta Antonina. In 330 CE, the capital city was dubbed New Rome by Constantine the Great.
The money, however, was imprinted by Byzantium until Constantinople was instructed to replace the coinage. The old town has approximately 23 square kilometers, although the current city limits go far beyond. There are seven mountains of the ancient peninsular city required for the New Rome of Constantine.
In the southwestern corner, six are the crests of a long ridge over the Golden Horn. Many of the mosques and other historical sites jointly named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 are located along their slopes. The wind, or poyraz, prevails on the Northeast, originates from the Black Sea and occasionally, in the winter, gives way to an egg-like blow from the Balkans, known as the caramel, which can freeze the Golden Horn, including the Bosporus.
Lodos can create storms in the Marmara Sea or southwest winds.