Madhya Pradesh Most rivers in central India originate in Madhya Pradesh’s Satpura and Vindhya ranges.
Madhya Pradesh Most rivers in central India originate in Madhya Pradesh’s Satpura and Vindhya ranges. The Narmada River, known as Madhya Pradesh’s Life Line, rises from Amarkantak beside the Sone River. The following is a list of the important rivers that run through and originate in Madhya Pradesh.
- Narmada – The Narmada River, commonly known as the Madhya Pradesh LifeLine, begins on the Amarkantak Plateau and runs west between the Satpura and Vindhya mountains. River Narmada is one of India’s cleanest rivers and the country’s longest west-flowing river, stretching 1,312 kilometers and pouring into the Arabian Sea near the Gulf of Khambhat in Gujarat.
- Shipra – The Shipra River starts in the Madhya Pradesh district of Dhar, runs over the Malwa Plateau, and joins the Chambal River near the Rajasthan border. Shipra is one of India’s seven sacred rivers; the holy city of Ujjain is located on the river’s bank, and the Kumbh Mela is held on the river’s bank at Ujjain.
- Chambal – The Chambal River rises at the slope of the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh near Mhow and forms the border between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. It is the Yamuna river’s most significant tributary, joining the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh.
- Betwa – Betwa River originates in the Madhya Pradesh Vindhya Range at Hoshangabad and runs through Orchha in Madhya Pradesh to Uttar Pradesh, where it joins the Yamuna River. Orchha is located on the Betwa River, which is now connected to the Ken River.
- Son – Son River also starts in Madhya Pradesh near Amarkantak and runs north-northwest through Shahdol district. Sone River is the Ganges’ second-largest tributary after the Yamuna, and it joins with the holy river Ganges near Patna.
- Kali Sindh – The Kali Sindh River is a tributary of the Chambal River and the largest river in Madhya Pradesh’s Malwa area. The river starts in the Vindhya Range near Dewas district and runs 405 kilometers across Madhya Pradesh before joining the Chambal River in Rajasthan’s Kota region.
- Sindh – The Sindh River rises on the Malwa Plateau in Madhya Pradesh’s Vidisha district and runs through the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh before joining the Yamuna. The Sindh River flows through the Karera Sanctuary and is notable in the Shivpuri district for the Manikheda Dam and Mohini Sagar.