Authored ArticleTravel

Gir – Home of the Asiatic Lion and African tribes by Murli Menon

Murli Menon undertook a journey to the only home of the Asiatic Lion in the Gir National Park and Sanctuary in 2005 December.

Murli Menon in conversation with Prittle Prattle News

In 2005 December, I undertook a journey to the only home of the Asiatic Lion in the Gir National Park and Sanctuary, located in Junagadh District of Gujarat State. Located 60 km. away from Junagadh town, the Gir National Park is a protected sanctuary stretching across 2400 square kilometre. The terrain is hilly and covered with thick deciduous forests. The forest is home to several species of birds and animals. The most unbelievable fact about Gir is the existence of a village named Shirwan inside the sanctuary, which is populated by African tribals who were brought to India by the Arabs, four hundred years ago, during the era where African tribals were traded as slaves.

These tribes are known as Siddi Badshah  by the locals and trace there ancestry to Kenya, as they speak remnants of Swahili, to this date.  The base camp for entering into these forests is Sasan Gir, which is located on the outskirts. The Siddi settlement of Shirwan is a 12 km. trek through a dirt road which winds its way through thick forests from Sasan.

The trek to Shirwan from Sasan is fraught with risks. Panthers, leopards and cheetahs abound in the forests and could attack wayfarers. Wild monkeys, snakes and wild boar are also commonly seen and represent mild danger. More often then not, one could also come face to face with the lion, whose population in Gir is around 400. 

The Siddis have lived in this village since 1600 A.D., when they were brought to India as slaves by the Nawab of Junagadh, to convert the thick forests at that time into tillable land. 3000 Siddis continue to live in the forest, existing in the same circumstances as their ancestors, following the same traditions and existing in self imposed isolation.  Almost 100% of Siddis have married amongst themselves and maintained their ethnic purity over 400 years. 

The Siddis respect the law of the forest and do not indulge in hunting though they live adjacent to several hundred spotted deer. Addiction to alcohol is rare as Gujarat is a prohibited state and brewing or sale of alcohol is illegal. Siddis are forced to live off the land, in extremely inhospitable conditions. Wild fruits and berries are available in plenty. Fresh water is available in plenty as the Hiran river flows through Gir. In addition to this, there are several watering holes across the forest. 

The Government of Gujarat has offered the Siddis Indira Awas houses outside the park, but so far, none of the 100 Siddi families of Shirwan have accepted the generous offer of the Government.  They continue to exist inside the forests, cheerful and facing the harsh realities of life. Music and dance are a way of life for the Siddis. They continue to sing their ancient tribal songs in Swahili and away to the beat of their ancestral drums. This tribal trance dance is known as “dhamal” in Gujarati. Siddis have also preserved their ancestral costumes, and every family has preserved one set of tribal costumes which they don during ceremonial occasions, marriage or other festivities. The tribal drums, tribal flute and other musical instruments played during this trance dancing have also been maintained in working condition.

The beat of the drums and the swaying steps of the dance transport the viewer into a bygone era. The dancers move in synchronicity, men, women and children dance together in reverie and camaderie in a community gathering.  One of the important aspects of Siddi culture is their existence in the present moment. They think only about the here and now. They do not dwell on the past or contemplate the future. They are always aware of the present. If they get a meal they are happy, but they continue to remain cheerful, even if forced to go hungry to bed. During monsoon, most of the Siddi tribal houses are swept way by the rains. However, the Siddis remain extremely stress free and rebuild their huts after every monsoon. They continue to live inside the forest during the rains and do not migrate to higher ground. It would be an understatement to say that the Siddis are free from mental stress or worries.  Smiling children, laughter, music, boisterous chatter, trance dancing and cheerful faces are the highlights of a visit to this inaccessible Siddi village in the heart of lion country.

One of the most important lessons one can learn from the Siddis is to shut out the past and forget about the future and continue to exist in the present. The learning experience from the Siddi tribe is aptly conveyed by this ancient Swahili Siddi proverb:

“Do not pursue the past,

Do not lose yourself in the future;

The past no longer is,

The future has not yet come;

Looking deeply at life,

As it is;

In the very here and now,

The Siddi lives in stability and freedom”

How to get there?

The nearest international Airport is at Ahmedabad. Junagadh is a 390 km. drive from Ahmedabad. Sasan is located 60 km. away from Junagadh on the Junagadh-Veraval Highway. Non-stop driving from Ahmedabad to Sasan should not exceed eight hours.

Where to stay?

The Rainbow Hotel at Sasan is an affordable and comfortable place to stay. “Sinh Sadan” the official guest house of the forest department needs to be booked in advance for visitors and costs Rs. 500/- per night. The accommodation is comfortable and the food is basic.

Where to eat?

Lots of small restaurants serving North Indian and Gujarati cuisine dot Sasan. All restaurants offer simple but delicious vegetarian fare.

Asiatic lioness inside Gir National Park
Close encounters with the spotted kind.
Sidi women and children at Shirwan village inside Gir National Park
Murli Menon

Murli Menon, is a travel writer, stress management consultant and author  based at Ahmedabad, India. He is the author of “ZeNLP-Learning through stories” published by The Written Word Publications, “ZeNLP-the power to succeed” published by Sage publications and “ZeNLP-the power to relax” by New Dawn Press. He can be reached at

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